SPANGL4Q: About the project

Expert Overview of the Project

 

In this FET-Open project, SPANGL4Q, we anticipate that a wealth of novel devices and fundamental understanding will result from the solution to the following key problems in quantum information science:

  • What is the best form for a hybrid spin-photon quantum memory?
  • How does one transfer quanta of angular momentum from it to a single photon?
  • How will this angular momentum be encoded?

 

These are issues that have been inadequately addressed so far, and we take highly novel approaches towards it.

 

We address this question on several fronts. Our technologies will be based on electron and nuclear spins in semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) embedded in nanophotonic devices. We will combine knowledge of the physics of semiconductor spins, photonics and cavity quantum electrodynamics, with quantum information and optical communication technology. 

 

  • From the photonics side, polarization engineering in photonic nanostructures will be investigated, moving beyond linear polarization to exploit the full light angular momentum states.

 

  • In terms of quantum memories, we will create the technology for long-lived (>1s) nuclear spin memories, long enough to achieve entanglement over large distances. These might one day be used over 1000’s km and via satellites to po-tentially anywhere on the globe. 

 

  • Photonic crystal structures will be used for integrated quantum-optical circuit technology and plasmonic nanoantennas will enable a spin-dependent near-to-far field coupling, and ultra-fast control of the electron spin.  One may use this spin-photon interface to entangle very large numbers of photons, with the memory allowing time for measurement operations of a quantum algorithm.

 

The compatibility of these QD technologies means that the components may be combined, paving the way towards an entirely QD-based “quantum internet”.